Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system grow on the soil of Chinese society and form the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. They are rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorb the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society with the coexistence of multiple civilizations. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and the Governance Capability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, summarized and profoundly explained our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are closely centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to improve and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new ideas and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to deeply study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the launch of the 17th article, so stay tuned.
Summary of content: The rapid and healthy development of a society depends on two mechanisms. One is the dynamic mechanism and the other is the balance mechanism. The strength of any society is fundamentally determined by these two mechanisms and their balance. To advance the modernization of national governance system and governance capabilities, we must fundamentally grasp the relationship between motivation and balance. To this end, the relationship between system construction and governance activities, the relationship between highlighting advantages and reform and innovation, the relationship between individual systems and system integration, the relationship between problem-oriented and goal-oriented, and the relationship between top-level design and hierarchical docking.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China identified the "three-step" strategic goal of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. This overall goal is the goal of the coexistence of systems and governance. The goals of each stage include two goals, and the institution building and governance activities of each stage must promote and develop together. The rapid and healthy development of a society depends on two mechanisms. One is the dynamic mechanism and the other is the balance mechanism. To this end, a series of dialectical relationships must be handled well.
The first is to handle the relationship between system construction and governance activities. Institutions are relatively standardized and stable normative systems. When applied to practice, it should be supplemented by a series of specific activities to do a lot of important work, which can be roughly attributed to governance. The key to governance is to use these systems scientifically and reasonably according to the actual conditions, adopt a variety of methods, and implement specific management, control, adjustment, and consolidation of a series of objects and tasks of the state and society to make them ideal. status. Through years of hard work, we have established a lot of good systems, but in real life, a few places and cadres often cause simple contradictions and consequences due to simple and crude methods of dealing with specific problems. Therefore, on the one hand, we must strengthen the construction of the system and on the other hand, we must strengthen the research on governance activities. We must firmly strengthen the awareness of the system, resolutely maintain the authority of the system, consciously respect the system, and strictly implement the system norms. At the same time, it is necessary to establish an entire governance system based on the system, strengthen the construction of governance subjects, continuously innovate governance concepts, improve governance methods, and enhance governance capabilities. Coordinate the construction of the institutional system and the governance system, coordinate and improve the system specifications and governance methods, and coordinate the advancement of the system operation and governance process.
The second is to deal with the relationship between showing advantages and reform and innovation. The socialist system and national governance system with Chinese characteristics is a system and governance system that is guided by Marxism, is rooted in the Chinese land, has a deep Chinese cultural foundation, and has won the support of the people. It is a system and governance system with strong vitality and great superiority. It is a system and governance system that can continuously promote the progress and development of a country with a population of nearly 1.4 billion, and ensure that the Chinese nation with a history of more than 5,000 years of civilization achieves the goal of "two hundred years" and then achieves great rejuvenation. Therefore, we must always adhere to and consolidate this institutional system and governance system. But such an institutional system and governance system still needs reform and development. It is precisely because of such necessity and urgency that the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee put forward the goals and tasks of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. Phased roadmap and task list. Therefore, we must dialectically recognize and treat the relationship between maintaining stability and reform and innovation, and we must not have the idea of stopping, sighing and rest. We must not only strengthen our foundations and strengthen our strengths, but also make up for shortcomings and strengths and weaknesses. In the dialectical unity of integrity and innovation, we must uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and improve the modernization level of the national governance system and capacity.
The third is to handle the relationship between individual systems and system integration. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system are composed of many areas, many departments, and many individual systems. Each system has undergone a process of practical exploration and continuous improvement, which is hard-won and requires us to persist and improve. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, especially marked by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee and the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, the content and measures of reform have shown the characteristics of systematization and integration, and actually entered the stage of system integration. Compared with the past, the new era of reform is more confronted with deep-level institutional issues. It demands higher reform top-level design, and requires more systematic, holistic, and collaborative reforms. The task of building the system is even heavier. Therefore, we must strengthen the concept of the overall situation, adhere to systematic thinking, be good at locating and grasping the overall situation from the overall situation, and serve and promote the overall situation with the location. Put individual and local reforms in the overall understanding and design, do local and specific work under the guidance of the overall situation, give full play to the enthusiasm, creativity, and initiative of each individual and specific, and promote the overall vitality and Efficient.
The fourth is to handle the relationship between problem-oriented and goal-oriented. The overall goal of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and capacity, was put forward on the basis of studying a large number of realistic issues. Achieving this goal will fundamentally solve various problems that currently exist and will be encountered in the future. In the process of studying and implementing the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, we must also insist on the unity of problem-oriented and goal-oriented, always study the existing problems realistically, grasp the nature and crux of the problems scientifically and accurately. The goals, directions, and tasks set by the Plenary Session of the CPC promote reforms and take measures to effectively resolve issues of concern to the people. Through the combination of problem-oriented and goal-oriented, not only effectively solved the problem, but also took a solid step towards the set goals and directions. The tendency to talk about empty principles and big goals but not to solve real problems, and the tendency to immerse yourself in specific affairs, forget about big goals, and big principles must be overcome and avoided.
The fifth is to handle the relationship between top-level design and layered docking. Adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities is an overall task that must be carried out under the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee. It must be scientifically planned, carefully organized, combined with far and near, and promoted as a whole. Ensure that the targets and tasks identified in the plenary are fully implemented. Because the content of the institutional system and the governance system is very extensive, and the relationship between them is very complex, and all systems must maintain uniformity and standardization, all institutional systems and governance systems must be designed at the top level and implemented uniformly. Feel free to do it yourself. At the same time, each system and document needs to be seamlessly connected at all levels, so that it meets the overall requirements and meets the actual conditions. efficacy.
(Author: Li Zhongjie, member of the Central Marxist theoretical research and construction of the Advisory Committee, Chinese Communist Party History Society vice president)