The National Financial Work Conference held a few days ago summarized the financial work in 2019 and studied and deployed the financial work in 2020. The meeting emphasized that in 2020, a proactive fiscal policy must vigorously improve quality and efficiency, pay more attention to structural adjustment, and make efforts in both “quality” and “quantity”. It is necessary to consolidate and expand the effect of tax and fee reduction, and continue to study and improve relevant tax policies around promoting high-quality development, encouraging technological innovation, attracting high-end talents, and promoting export growth. "Resolutely reduce the tax and the fees that should be reduced." We must make it more prominent to settle expenditures and improve fiscal balance by reducing expenditures.
"Strengthen quality and efficiency" and "focus more on structural adjustment" are the key words of active fiscal policy in 2020. At the meeting, Liu Kun, Secretary of the Party Group and Minister of the Ministry of Finance, explained this in detail.
He pointed out that "improving quality and improving efficiency" is reflected in the need for fiscal policies to tap inward and continuously improve the accuracy and effectiveness of policies. Under the premise that the current pressure on fiscal revenue and expenditure balance continues to increase and there is limited room for afterburner, both the requirements of strengthening counter-cyclical adjustments and fiscal revenue and expenditure balance are taken into consideration. While maintaining the same fiscal policy orientation and positive efforts, we emphasize the policy's "Quality" requirements and "increase efficiency" orientation, from the "quality" and "quantity" to make efforts to effectively improve the efficiency of the allocation of financial resources and the use of benefits, to ensure that the economy achieves reasonable growth and steadily improve the quality.
"Structural adjustment" is reflected in further optimizing the structure and methods of using fiscal funds, emphasizing policy priorities, and using money on the blade. It is necessary to strengthen counter-cyclical adjustments, make efforts at the junction of expanding domestic demand and supply upgrades, and invest funds in areas such as advanced manufacturing, livelihood construction, and infrastructure shortcomings that benefit from both supply and demand, with multiplier effects, and promote the "dual upgrade of industry and consumption ".
In the coming 2019, the implementation of larger tax and fee reductions will become a top priority in implementing a proactive fiscal policy. The Ministry of Finance has successively introduced “package” policies such as inclusive tax reductions for small and micro enterprises, special additional deductions for personal income tax, deepening value-added tax reform, cleaning up and standardizing administrative and institutional fees, and government funds, in cooperation with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security to implement the Policies on insurance rates.
"With the implementation of various policies, the effect of tax reduction and fee reduction has gradually emerged. It is expected that the annual tax reduction and fee reduction will exceed the original scale of nearly 2 trillion yuan, and the most benefited are manufacturing and small and micro enterprises." Liu Kun It is pointed out that in the scale of VAT reduction, manufacturing and related sectors account for nearly 70%. The tax and fee reductions have enabled tens of millions of enterprises and hundreds of millions of people to enjoy policy dividends, played an important role in reducing corporate burdens, stabilizing market expectations, promoting enterprises to strengthen research and development, increasing investment and expanding employment, and strongly supported entities. The economy, especially the manufacturing industry, has developed steadily.
In 2020, the effect of tax and fee reduction will be consolidated and expanded, and new and improved measures will be studied and brewed.
Liu Kun said: "Our tax and fee reductions are institutional and continuous. After years of implementation, the cumulative effect is very large, and corporate burden reduction will become more and more obvious. At the same time, we will focus on promoting high-quality development, encouraging technological innovation, and attracting We will continue to study and improve relevant tax policies for high-end talents and promote export growth. "He emphasized that during the implementation process, we should strengthen the sharing of tax and fee reduction information, continue to pay close attention to changes in the tax burden of various industries, and firmly grasp the" three "Ensure" requirements, timely research and solve outstanding problems reflected by enterprises, and continue to exert the effect of tax and fee reduction policies.
"Tax reductions and fees are the most important manifestation of active fiscal policy. Fiscal transfer of more resources to market entities is also a way to expand expenditures. We must resolutely reduce the tax reductions and fees. Liu Kun emphasized.
In 2019, China has vigorously reduced general expenditures. The central government has taken the lead in strict expenditure management. Except for rigid and key projects, the average reduction in expenditure on other projects has reached 10%.
Local governments have also stepped up their efforts to reduce general expenditures. The reduction rates have generally exceeded 5%, and many places have reached over 10%.
In 2020, while consolidating and expanding the effect of tax and fee reduction, the meeting emphasized that the priority direction of fiscal expenditures should be further clarified, and structural adjustment should be strengthened. General expenditures should be vigorously reduced, unnecessary project expenditures must be resolutely cancelled, and new project expenditures must be strictly controlled. In principle, no new expenditures should be opened. It is necessary to effectively protect key expenditures, ensure that general transfer payments are significantly higher than the growth rate of central government expenditures, balanced transfer payments, compensation funds for basic financial security at the county level, and transfer payments in poor regions of all ages have a high increase.
Liu Kun pointed out that it is necessary to make it more prominent to set a fixed income and improve the fiscal balance by reducing expenditure. The general fiscal expenditures of local governments should be further reduced on the basis of the reductions this year, and various stock funds and assets will continue to be activated. In the implementation of the budget, we must save the expenses that can no longer be arranged in accordance with the principle of being able to save the province.
"The government takes the lead to live a tight life, the purpose is to live a good life for the common people. The more the financial revenues and expenditures are conflicting, the more important it is to prioritize and effectively use the limited financial funds to achieve greater benefits." Liu Kun said.
He pointed out that it is necessary to do a good job in protecting people ’s livelihood. When allocating funds for people ’s livelihood, give priority to guaranteeing basic people ’s livelihood and other basic people ’s livelihood expenditures, such as protecting the basic lives of people in need. To provide basic livelihood guarantees for key groups at difficult times. The basic people's livelihood expenditures that have been arranged by the central government must be put in place. Focusing on the unemployed, urban and rural households with low social security, social assistance, affected people, special hardships, and preferential treatment objects, pay close attention to the changes in the number, difficulty, and degree of difficulties of the poor, and take timely measures to effectively take the bottom line of people's livelihood and do To be guaranteed. In addition, we will strengthen fiscal protection for localities, especially in difficult areas.
Looking back on 2019, scientifically and steadily grasp the counter-cyclical adjustment efforts, implement larger scale tax and fee reductions, appropriately increase the deficit rate, increase local government special bond quotas, make good use of existing funds and assets, and make efforts to improve efficiency and implement a proactive fiscal policy. "Combination Boxing". Looking forward to 2020, 2020 will be the year when we will build a well-off society in an all-round way and the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan". We must achieve the first century-long goal and lay a solid foundation for the development of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan and the second century-year goal. This is both a decisive period and a tough period. It is of great significance to do a good job of fiscal and economic work.
Liu Kun emphasized that a proactive fiscal policy must vigorously improve quality and efficiency, pay more attention to structural adjustment, consolidate and expand the effect of tax reduction and fee reduction; conscientiously implement the principle of "receiving expenditures to settle expenditures", increase efforts to optimize the structure of fiscal expenditures, and adhere to the government's In tight days, we must effectively maintain pressure; use local government special bonds, regulate local government debt financing activities, and prevent and resolve local government hidden debt risks; deepen the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, accelerate the establishment and improvement of a modern financial system, and promote sustainable economic and social health Development, to ensure the comprehensive completion of a well-off society and the successful completion of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", which have been recognized by the people and stand the test of history.