The Central Economic Work Conference put forward that it is necessary to accelerate the implementation of regional development strategies, improve regional policies and spatial layout, give full play to local comparative advantages, and build a new source of high-quality development nationwide. In particular, it is pointed out that the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the creation of a world-class innovation platform and growth pole; Promote ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.
A series of expressions surrounding the regional economy have caused widespread concern at home and abroad. Relevant experts pointed out that coordinated regional development is an important part of achieving high-quality economic development as a whole. How to promote complementary advantages, not only speeding up the formation of several new power sources to promote high-quality development across the country, but also reducing regional disparities and promoting relative balance will be an important direction for coordinated regional development next year.
Create a world-class innovation platform and growth pole
To build a world-class innovation platform and growth poles, why are these three places: Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area?
"China has become the focus of world economic growth, and these three regions are the star areas of China's economic development," said Liu Zhibiao, dean of the Changjiang Institute of Industrial Economics of Nanjing University in an interview with this reporter. 3. The Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Greater Bay Areas have complete industrial systems, complete infrastructures, abundant human resources, sufficient innovation momentum, and high levels of urbanization. They are the regions with the most active economy, the highest degree of openness, and the strongest innovation capabilities in China. Driven by regional integration policies, these three regions have initially embarked on the track of high-quality development, rapid accumulation of innovation factors, rapid development of new leading industries, and conditions for growth into a world-class innovation platform and growth pole.
Where can we focus on building a world-class innovation platform and growth pole? Liu Zhibiao believes that, first of all, it is necessary to innovate the institutional mechanisms for coordinated regional development. It is necessary to remove obstacles to resource flow, make the market play a decisive role in resource allocation, promote the free flow of various production factors and concentrate in advantageous areas, and improve the efficiency of resource allocation. Second, we must fully mobilize the enthusiasm of various market entities to allow them to continue to grow and develop in the forefront of technological innovation and domestic and international market competition. He also emphasized that while leading the high-quality development of the three regions, they should also actively play a leading role. "The manufacturing industries in the coastal areas and the lower Yangtze River should be encouraged to move along the Yangtze River Basin to the central and western regions, rather than encourage outward transfer. An important decision to promote the regional economic layout with complementary advantages and high-quality development. "
Big river, big river, big protection and big development
The Yangtze River and the Yellow River are the two most important rivers in China. The Yangtze River Economic Belt covers 11 provinces, and the proportion of population and GDP exceeds 40% of the country's. The Yellow River Basin has a very important position in China's economic and social development and ecological security.
Zhang Jianping, director of the Regional Economic Cooperation Research Center of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, said that in the process of high-quality development of the Chinese economy, the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Yellow River Basin have very urgent demands for integrated development.
How to achieve simultaneous development and protection? Zhang Jianping said: "At present, the country is committed to multi-regulation at the planning level, integrating the zoning of the main functional areas with the national medium- and long-term social development plan, as well as specific plans such as the overall urban development plan and land use plan to form a new era. Land and space development planning. Such integration, based on the support of geographic information systems, can put every planning assumption and industry layout, city layout, and project development planning on specific spaces, and strictly implement them according to the plan. Therefore, the role of future planning in promoting the coordination of development and protection will become increasingly prominent. "
Zhang Jianping analyzed that in the context of building an ecological civilization, the Yangtze River and Yellow River basins are now paying more attention to the use of ecological compensation mechanisms. That is, the key issues of ecological protection can be established between upstream and downstream provinces to establish benefits transfer and The compensation mechanism makes some provinces in the upstream provinces have sufficient motivation to strengthen the protection of the ecological environment. In other words, it is to use economic policy means including resource tax, environmental tax and ecological compensation mechanism to effectively promote the construction of ecological civilization, so that the ecological, economic development and environmental protection of the two river basins can be more coordinated.
Improve the carrying capacity of central cities and urban agglomerations
Central cities and urban agglomerations have become a hot topic of regional development in recent years. Previously, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Opinions on Establishing a New Mechanism for a More Effective Regional Coordinated Development", suggesting that in the future, China will establish a new model of central city to lead the development of urban agglomerations and urban agglomerations to promote regional development, and promote the integration and interaction of regional plates development of. The Central Economic Work Conference further proposed that the comprehensive carrying capacity of central cities and urban agglomerations should be improved.
"In the more than 40 years of reform and opening up, the development process of urbanization and industrialization has shown that the central city's driving role in the overall development of the region is very significant. The scale advantages, economic benefits, and scale effects of these cities due to population agglomeration and industry agglomeration The agglomeration effect is very strong in promoting the overall economic development and can effectively reduce the cost of social development. "Zhang Jianping said. He analyzed that in the process of further urbanization in the future, the scale of most central cities is expected to further expand, the industrial agglomeration capacity will be further strengthened, and the driving effect on the overall regional and national development will continue to increase.
Liu Zhibiao believes that the Central Economic Work Conference emphasizes that improving the comprehensive carrying capacity of central cities and urban agglomerations is highly targeted. At present, the spatial structure of China's economic development has undergone profound changes. Central cities and urban agglomerations are becoming the main spatial forms and carriers of development factors. How to respond to this trend and enhance the radiant power of central cities and urban agglomerations? Efforts must be made to improve the economic and population carrying capacity of economically advantageous areas such as central cities, and create conditions for the rational flow and efficient concentration of various factors.