Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 29, by wire Title: Curing the "garbage siege", these big moves may be required in 2020-perspective on waste management from the revision of the law
Xinhua News Agency reporter Gao Jing
In 2017, China's 202 large and medium-sized cities produced 200 million tons of domestic waste and it is still growing year-on-year; general industrial solid waste generated 1.31 billion tons; industrial hazardous waste generated 40.101 million tons ... In recent years, China has become One of the countries with the most pressure on global waste management.
Tourism, catering and other industries should gradually promote non-active provision of disposable supplies; severely penalize both bosses and "temporary workers" who violate hazardous laws for operating activities of hazardous waste; achieve effective coverage of the waste classification system ... Recently proposed to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress The second draft of the revised draft of the Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes has shown many great tricks for the eradication of the scourge of "garbage siege".
Bottom pay: government agencies, e-commerce, tourism and catering companies should not have a lot of garbage
At 10:58 on December 16, the 60 billionth express shipment in China's express delivery industry was born in 2019, and the number of express parcels used per capita across the country this year exceeded 42. Behind the rapidly increasing amount of waste such as express packaging is the urgency of source reduction.
"China has not reached the economic level of developed countries, but the per capita waste generation in some cities is approaching or even exceeding that of some developed countries." Xue Tao, deputy dean of the E20 Joint Research Institute of Peking University's School of Environment, said.
In the second draft of the draft submitted for consideration, many aspects reflect waste reduction: avoid excessive packaging, organize the listing of net vegetables, and reduce the amount of domestic waste; encourage industries such as e-commerce, express delivery, and takeaway to give priority to reusable and easy to recycle Encourage and guide to reduce the use of disposable plastic products such as plastic bags; tourism, catering and other industries should gradually promote the provision of non-disposable disposable products; offices, institutions and other institutions should reduce the use of disposable office supplies ...
Xue Tao said that the second review of the draft makes it very meaningful to propose reduction, resource and harmlessness as principles. Harmless domestic waste is relatively easy, but from the source point of view, the waste reduction of ordinary consumers still lacks policy grasps, and enterprises and institutions, government public consumption and other fields can become breakthroughs in reduction.
Chen Jun, a member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, proposed in a group review that it is recommended to further increase the supervision of white pollution control such as plastic bags. On the one hand, it is necessary to further clarify the regulatory responsibility for white pollution control. On the other hand, financial subsidies, tax control, and research projects can be adopted to promote research and development of green packaging and encourage manufacturers to produce green packaging products. Giving priority to policies and taxes to increase the competitiveness of green packaging products in actual circulation.
Heavy pollution control: the boss and the "temporary workers" punished together
In May this year, the Central Eco-Environmental Protection Inspection Team reported that many enterprises in Zibo City, Shandong Province had problems with illegal disposal of hazardous waste, etc., and have not stopped or effectively rectified after the first round of inspections, which continue to threaten the surrounding environment.
The low cost of environmental violations has been a cause of concern. Prior to this, the "historical strictest" environmental protection law has increased penalties such as continuous daily fines. The revised principles of the Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes have also been linked with laws such as the Environmental Protection Law to increase penalties and expand the scope of penalties.
The second draft of the draft will increase the punishment of administrative detention for persons who are responsible for illegal activities such as stacking, using, and disposing of units that do not have a business license or other production and operation operators; Responsible personnel punished for illegal activities such as storage, utilization, and disposal of hazardous waste operations shall be revised to "legal representative, principal responsible person, directly responsible person in charge and other responsible personnel"; the domestic garbage shall be discarded and scattered along the way during transportation. And other illegal acts, increase the amount of fines.
In Xue Tao's view, increasing the intensity of punishment and expanding the scope of punishment have been gradually explored through years of environmental law enforcement practice. Compared with western developed countries, China's environmental liability and fines are relatively low, and legal liability must be gradually consolidated.
He also said that the current solid waste, especially hazardous waste treatment industry, is undergoing changes. The number of processing enterprises has increased significantly, and the processing capacity has been effectively improved, providing a basis for the law to strengthen supervision of illegal acts.
Some members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress have proposed that the illegal dumping of solid waste should be punished according to the number of times, and those who have repeatedly violated the law within a certain period of time should be punished more. In addition, it is recommended that the law increase responsibilities such as restoration of environmental pollution and elimination of hazards after environmental pollution.
The original source: the power of law enforcement to support the classification of domestic waste
"What kind of garbage are you?" With the implementation of the garbage classification system, it will become a web buzzword in 2019.
Compared with the first draft submitted for review in the first half of the year, the second draft of the draft not only stipulates that the state implements a domestic waste classification system, but also proposes the principles of government promotion, national participation, urban and rural coordination, local conditions, and simplicity.
Xue Tao pointed out that many cities are now studying and formulating relevant regulations for the classification of domestic garbage. Due to different situations and different standards, the law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste is very much needed as the support of higher-level laws. The law stipulates this, will promote the work better everywhere, and solve some people's current "how long can waste separation be done" concerns.
He said that although the classification standards vary from place to place, the common people's concept of dry and wet waste classification is taking shape, and cities such as Shanghai have also started to construct wet waste disposal sites. There are ideas, facilities, and laws, and long-term habits of garbage sorting will definitely be formed.
Liu Xiuwen, a member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, pointed out that in previous practices, the implementation in some places was not satisfactory, and it was not appropriate to blindly pursue high standards and immediate results. It took two or three decades or even longer for developed countries to implement the national waste classification. We must adhere to the national conditions of our country and adhere to the issue orientation.